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Aug 18, 2015

Human Resources: Focusing on People and Industry

Human resources, or HR, is an important department at every company. A company’s HR division oversees, guides and leads those who work in a business organization. The department determines a business’s strategic processes as well as its procedures. Human resources is also responsible for creating campaigns to attract top talent and developing compensation packages for employee retention.

A History of Human Resources

Human resources began in the 18th century when companies started building large factories to produce greater quantities of their products more quickly. With the introduction of this new industrial work technique, companies started employing thousands of workers. Many of these employees worked long hours. However, research determined that a happy workforce is a more effective one. In response to this discovery, companies established voluntary programs that were designed to increase the contentment of their employees. At the same time, the government became interested in basic human rights, which resulted in legislators passing work safety regulations.

During the beginning of the 20th century, the human resources field experienced overall expansion when many companies established personnel departments. These divisions were given major responsibilities like handling new workforce regulations and managing problems. Employee productivity was the focus during the field’s early years. Changes arrived after World War II due to the success of military training programs. Companies embraced some of the military's training techniques for their employees. The 1970s brought more transformations to human resources due to advances in technology and globalization. Today, social media is responsible for a revolution in the human resources field.


Changing with the Times

In many companies, talent procurement is often the first division to take advantage of the opportunities that technology provides. Mediums like social media can speed up an organization’s recruiting process from announcing openings to locating viable candidates. Social media has the ability to accelerate the review process for resumes, job offers and onboarding. LinkedIn is a common recruiting tool since the career-based social media site gives companies access to a large pool of prospective candidates without requiring a major financial investment. The site includes features that HR professionals can use to pinpoint the most qualified people for a particular job.

Social media is transforming how HR professionals connect with people in revolutionary ways. Those in the department also have the challenge of creating strategies that take into account the needs of their business and staff members. A social media strategy aids an HR department in scope and consistency.

A Comprehensive Degree

Individuals who earn a degree in human resources will learn about workplace safety along with state and federal regulations. Human resource students also receive extensive training regarding labor laws and real-life situations. Social media is modifying the career field by making it easier to recruit new hires while advanced technology is decreasing the occurrence of human error when it comes to processing payroll or updating benefits. Those who are considering entering the human resources field will have the opportunity to work in a department that focuses on people and industry. For more information, visit the Institute of Technology's webpage at